CRAY Colloquium: Anil Jain
The computer science colloquium takes place on Mondays from 11:15 a.m. - 12:15 p.m.
This week's talk is a part of the Cray Distinguished Speaker Series. This series was established in 1981 by an endowment from Cray Research and brings distinguished visitors to the Department of Computer Science & Engineering every year.
This week's speaker, Anil Jain (Michigan State University), will be giving a talk titled Fingerprint Recognition.
If you look closely at your fingertips, your palms, or underneath your feet, you will notice that while the skin is smooth and devoid of any hair, it is etched with regularly spaced ridges and intervening valleys. These ridge-valley patterns are collectively referred to as friction ridge patterns and more specifically as fingerprints, palm-prints and footprints. It has been almost 150 years since the pioneering giant of modern-day fingerprint recognition, Sir Francis Galton, first described minutiae, the small details woven throughout the papillary ridges on each of our fingers. Galton believed that minutiae imparted the individuality and permanence properties of fingerprints necessary for accurately identifying individuals over time. Since Galton’s ground breaking observations, automated fingerprint recognition systems (AFIS) have become ubiquitous in forensics and law enforcement, access control, mobile unlock and payments, immigration, and civil registration. To date, virtually all AFIS continue to rely upon the location and orientation of minutiae within fingerprint images for recognition. Although AFIS based on minutiae (i.e., handcrafted features) have enjoyed significant success, not much effort has been devoted to augment them with learned features from deep networks to improve the recognition accuracy and to reduce the complexity of large-scale search. I will present our ongoing work on building accurate and real-time fingerprint recognition systems and highlight a number of challenging issues related to fingerprint image quality, fingerprint spoofs and fingerprint database security.
Anil Jain is a University Distinguished Professor at Michigan State University. He received Guggenheim fellowship, Humboldt award, Fulbright fellowship, IEEE W. Wallace McDowell award, and IAPR King-Sun Fu Prize. He served as the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence and was appointed to the United States Defense Science Board and Forensic Science Standards Board. Jain is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and foreign member of the Indian National Academy of Engineering and Chinese Academy of Sciences.