Using Artificial Intelligence to Model and Support the Management of Multimorbid Patients
Martin Michalowski (University of Minnesota, Twin Cities)
Multimorbidity, the coexistence of two or more health conditions, has become more prevalent as mortality rates in many countries have declined and their populations have aged. Multimorbidity presents significant difficulties for Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS), particularly in cases where recommendations from relevant clinical guidelines offer conflicting advice. An active area of research is focused on developing computer-interpretable guideline (CIG) modeling formalisms that integrate recommendations from multiple Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) for knowledge-based multimorbidity decision support. In this talk, I will present our work on the development of a framework for comparing the different approaches to multimorbidity CIG-based clinical decision support (MGCDS) and our work on building an AI planning-based system called MitPlan that addresses the MGCDS problem. I will use clinical scenarios to demonstrate the sets of features key to providing MGCDS and how MitPlan provides real-world clinical decision support.
Dr. Michalowski is an Assistant Professor in the School of Nursing and a member of the Nursing Informatics Faculty at the University of Minnesota. He is a Senior Researcher in the Mobile Emergency Triage (MET) Research Group at the University of Ottawa and serves as Director of Machine Learning Research at Treatment.com. His research portfolio includes novel contributions in the areas of information integration, record linkage, heuristic-based planning, constraint satisfaction problems, and leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) methods in nursing informatics research. His interdisciplinary research brings advanced AI methods and models to clinical decision support at the point of care and to personalized medicine. He strives to improve patient outcomes by engaging nurses as leaders in the development and adoption of AI-based technology in health care.
Dr. Michalowski earned his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Southern California, where he solved automated reasoning problems. In 2018 he was elected Senior Member of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) and in 2021 he was named to the Fellows of the American Medical Informatics Association (FAMIA). He authored and co-authored over 75 peer-reviewed articles on a range of AI-related topics and served on the program committees for various informatics and computer science conferences including AAAI, AMIA, IJCAI, ACMGIS, ICAPS, and ISWC. Dr. Michalowski is the organizing chair of the International Workshop on Health Intelligence (W3PHIAI) that is held at the AAAI annual conference. He was co-chair of the 2020 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine (AIME 2020) and serves in the same role for AIME 2022. His research has received funding from the NSF, NIH, DARPA, DoD, and various private foundations. His work has resulted in two patents and several startup companies.